|Updated September 10, 2001|
According to the Bible the world was created 5760 years ago by the word of G-d.
Man was created in the image of G-d on the sixth and final day of creation and on the seventh day he rested.
The Bible gives a very detailed record of the entire creation, followed by the flood of Noah and the birth of Abraham who was the first to recognize G-d and the father of the Jewish nation.
Throughout the Bible we find G-d's promises to give the Land of Israel to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and their descendants for all future generations.
The following is a brief selection of Biblical sources that demonstrate the Jewish ownership of the Land of Israel, both through divine promise and aquistion.
G-d appeared to Abram and said, "To your offspring I will give this land."Genesis 12, 7
G-d said to Abram "Raise now your eyes and look out from where you are: northward, southward, eastward and westward. For all the land that you see, to you will I give it, and to your descendants forever." Genesis 13, 14-15 G-d said to Abram "Arise, walk about the land through its length and breadth! For to you will I give it." Genesis 13, 17
Abraham purchases Cave of Machpela in Hebron. Genesis 15, 7. 15, 18-21. 17, 8. 23, 16-18.
G-d promises that Isaac shall inherit Abraham. Genesis 17, 19. 21, 12
Abraham gives all his possessions to Isaac. Genesis 25, 5.
Abraham was buried in the Cave of Machpela. Genesis 25, 10.
G-d promises Isaac that He will fulfill His promise of the land to Abraham. Genesis 26, 3-4.
Isaac hands down the promise of the land to Jacob. Genesis 28, 4.
G-d promises the Land of Israel to Jacob. Genesis 28, 13
Jacob purchases land in Shechem Genesis 33, 19
Genesis 35, 12 (G-d promises to give Jacob and his offspring the Land of Israel). Genesis 48, 21-22 (Jacob gives Joseph Shechem). Genesis 49, 30. 50, 13. 50, 24 (Joseph tells his brothers G-d will remember His promise to Abraham Isaac and Jacob).
G-d tells Moses to tell the Jews that He will bring them to the land promised to Abraham Isaac and Jacob Exodus 6, 8
Moses promises redemption and the Jewish inheritance of Israel. Deuteronomy 30, 3-5
first Rashi commentary on the Bible (Genesis 1, 1) quotes
the first word from the first verse from the first book of Moses
"In the beginning" and asks:
Additional sources & citations from the Bible, Talmud, Midrash, Shulchan Aruch (Code of Law) and other classic authoritative texts will be added gradually.
A Selection of Prayers for Peace, collected from the prayer book used around the world.
1. G-d bless you and guard you G-d turn His countenance toward you and grant you peace.(Numbers 6, 22 Blessing of the Kohen)
2. These are the precepts, the fruits of which man enjoys in this world, while the principal reward remains in the World to Come: bringing peace between man and his fellowman and between husband and wife. (Mishna Peah 1, 1; Shabbos 127a)
3. Upon Israel may there be abundant peace, grace, kindness, compassion, long life, ample sustenance and deliverance, from their Father in heaven; and say, Amen. May there be abundant peace from heaven, and good life for us and for all Israel; and say, Amen. He who makes peace in His heavens, may He make peace for us and for all Israel; and say, Amen. (Kaddish d'Rabannan)
4. Praise the Lord, O Jerusalem; Zion, extol your G-d. For He has strengthened the bolts of your gates; He has blessed your children in your midst. He has made peace within your borders. (Psalms 147)
5. Blessed are You, Lord our G-d, King of the Universe, who forms light and creates darkness, who makes peace and creates all things. (Blessing after Yishtabach)
6. Hasten and speedily bring upon us blessing and peace; bring us in peace from the four corners of the earth, break the yoke of the nations from our neck, and speedily lead us upright to our land. (Blessing Ahavat Olam before Shma)
7. Bestow peace, goodness and blessing, life, graciousness, kindness and mercy, upon us and upon all Your people Israel. Bless us, our Father, all of us as one, with the light of Your countenance. For by the light of Your countenance You gave us, Lord our G-d, the Torah of life and loving-kindness, righteousness, blessing, mercy, life and peace. May it be favorable in Your eyes to bless Your people Israel, at all times and at every moment, with Your peace. Blessed are You Lord, who blesses His people Israel with peace. (Blessing Sim Shalom, Amida)
8. He who makes peace in His heavens, may He make peace for us and for all Israel; and say, Amen. (Oseh Shalom, Conclusion of the Amida)
9. May it be Your will to open my heart to the Torah, and to fulfill the desires of my heart and the hearts of Your people Israel for good, for life, and for peace. (Brich Shmei on opening the Holy Ark Monday, Thursday and Shabbat, Zohar II Vayakhel 206a)
10. The ways of the Torah are pleasant ways, and all its paths are peace. (V'zoit Hatorah after the Torah reading Monday, Thursday and Shabbat, Proverbs 3, 17)
11. Rabbi Elazar said in the name of Rabbi Chanina: Torah scholars increase peace in the world, for it is said (Isaiah 54, 13): And all your children shall be learners of the Torah of the Lord, and great will be the peace of your children Those who love Your Torah have abundant peace, and there is no stumbling for them (Psalms 119, 165). May there be peace within your walls, serenity within your mansions. For the sake of my brethren and friends, I ask that there be peace within you. For the sake of the House of the Lord our G-d, I seek your well-being (Psalms 122, 7-9). The Lord will give strength to His people; the Lord will bless His people with peace (Psalms 29, 11). (Conclusion of the daily morning prayers, Brachot 64a)
12. He bestows, and He will forever bestow upon us grace, kindness compassion, life, peace and all goodness. (Grace after meals)
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